- World diabetes day is observed on November 14 each year
- Low glycemic foods like whole grains are the best go for diabetics
- One need to make necessary changes in diet and lifestyle
World diabetes day is observed on 14 November every year. This day tries to educate people about diabetes and various steps to control the condition. Diabetes is affecting huge population today. This day attempts to educate people about the various steps, precautions and prevention steps one can take to control the disease. Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar resulting from defects in insulin production or insulin action, or both. Here are some diet tips for every diabetic to control blood sugar levels and manage diabetes effectively.
Diabetes: Type, symptoms and diet tips
There are mainly two types of diabetes –
- TYPE 1
- TYPE 2
Both the diabetes have mostly common cause that is whenever you eat carbohydrates and sugars, your body breaks down them into glucose which fuels the cells in the body. But it is impossible for cells to take this glucose without the hormone- insulin. Insulin is the hormone produced in the pancreas which regulate the amount of glucose in the blood. Thus, if you are having diabetes that means either your body is not making enough insulin, or it can’t use the insulin produced, or a combination of both.
Also read: World Diabetes Day 2019: Control Your Blood Sugar Levels Naturally With These Effective Home Remedies
Other than insulin, there are other factors leading to diabetes like age, sedentary lifestyle, dietary factors, etc. Untreated diabetes can result into kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, stroke, or organ damage.
The type 1 diabetes is also known as Juvenile diabetes because it often begins in childhood. It is an autoimmune condition, in which the pancrea is damaged and it doesn’t produce insulin. Thus, for treatment insulin therapy is required in which insulin needs to be injected to the person.
The type 2 diabetes usually occur in middle life or afterwards and its generally an outcome of lifestyle disorder. It is condition when your body becomes resistant to insulin. In this your pancreas are either producing less or enough insulin but your body cells have become resistant and do not accept it. This is accompanied by greater risk of heart diseases. Earlier it used to be called adult- onset diabetes, but with increasing epidemic of overweight kids, more teenagers are now developing the disease.